Home(S) and “Staying at Home”: An Exploratory Study of the Psychosocial Impacts of Housing Inequalities During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Authors

  • Raquel Ribeiro Centro de Estudos Sociais, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.9.2021.153-162

Keywords:

Housing, Covid-19 Pandemic, Social Inequalities, Psychosocial Impacts, Mixed Methods

Abstract

The right to housing is inseparable from the right to life and constitutes the basis for other fundamental human rights. The Covid-19 pandemic put housing at the forefront of defence against the new coronavirus, making structural inequalities in housing more visible and dramatic. This article aims to study the impact of housing conditions on the Covid-19 pandemic experience using mixed methods. It presents the preliminary results of a survey with open and closed questions applied to 527 residents in Portugal in 2021. The results show that people with better housing conditions report a more positive impact of housing during the pandemic, namely on physical and psychological health. The textual analysis with the software IRAMUTEQ to the answers to the open question reveals that the positive impact is associated mainly with the possibility of practicing physical exercise and developing leisure activities outdoors. On the contrary, the lack of indoor or outdoor space, problems with humidity and infiltration, poor sound insulation, or little sun exposure are associated with the experience of health problems and deterioration of emotional and psychological well-being. The results, therefore, suggest that the adherence to the measures of confinement and social isolation at home produce very differentiated experiences depending on the housing conditions of the populations, with important impacts both in terms of physical and mental health. It is concluded that there is a need to combine quantitative and qualitative methodologies to understand the relationship between inequalities in housing conditions and the psychosocial impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic.

References

Aalbers, M.B. (2016). The financialization of housing: A political economy approach. London: Routledge.

Alexander, C., Bruun, M. H., & Koch, I. (2018). Political economy comes home: On the moral economies of housing. Critique of Anthropology, 38(2), 121-139. doi:10.1177/0308275X18758871

Farha, L. (2016). Adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living. Retirado de http://www.unhousingrapp.org/user/pages/04.resources/Thematic-Report-4-The-Right-to-Life-and-the-Right-to-Housing.pdf

Farha, L. (2020). COVID-19 Guidance Note:Protecting renters and mortgage payers. Retirado de https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Housing/SR_housing_COVID-19_guidance_rent_and_mortgage_payers.pdf

Fernandez, R., Hofman, A., & Aalbers, M. B. (2016). London and New York as a safe deposit box for the transnational wealth elite. Environment and Planning A, 48(12), 2443-2461.

Granello, D. H. & Wheaton, J. E. (2004). Online data collection: Strategies for research. Journal of Counseling & Development, 82, 387–393.

Harvey, D. (1973). Social justice and the city. Oxford: Blackwell.

Kaukinen, C. (2020). When stay-at-home orders leave victims unsafe at home: Exploring the risk and consequencesof intimate partner violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 45, 668–679.

Kofman, Y. B., & Garfin, D. R. (2020). Home is not always a haven: The domestic violence crisis amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), S199–S201. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000866

ONU (2020). Organização Mundial da Saúde declara novo coronavírus uma pandemia. Retirado de https://news.un.org/pt/story/2020/03/1706881

Ramos, M. G., Lima, V. M. R., & Amaral-Rosa, M. P. (2018). Contribuições do software IRAMUTEQ para a Análise Textual Discursiva. A.P. Costa, D. Neri de Souza, P. A. Castro, R. A. Saavedra, & S. Oliveira e Sá (Eds.), Atas do 7º Congresso Ibero-Americano em Investigação Qualitativa, 505-514.

Ratinaud, P. (2009). IRAMUTEQ: Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires [software]. Retirado de http://www.Iramuteq.org

Reinert, M. (1990). ALCESTE une méthodologie d’analyse des données textuelles et une application: Aurélia de Gerard de Nerval. Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique, 26(1), 24-54.

Reinert, M. (1993). Les “mondes lexicaux” et leur “logique” à travers l'analyse statistique d'un corpus de récits de cauchemars. Langage et Société, 66, 5–39.

Ribeiro, R., & Santos, A. C. (2019). Financeirização da habitação e desigualdades socioterritoriais: um estudo comparado das Áreas Metropolitanas de Lisboa e do Porto. Análise Social, 233(4), 726-758.

Ribeiro, R., Santos, A.C., Poeschl, G., Jesus, F., Coelho, L., Campos, R., Silva, R., Holz, S., & Castela, T. (2021). Pandemia da Covid-19 e habitação: Resultados preliminares. In Comunicação apresentada no Dia do Neces, Centro de Estudos Sociais, Universidade de Coimbra.

Rolnik, R. (2013). Late neoliberalism: The financialization of homeownership and housing rights. International. Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37(3), 1058-1066.

Roskam, I., Aguiar, J., Akgun, E. et al. (2021). Parental burnout around the globe: A 42-Country study. Affective Science, 2, 58–79.

Santos, A.C. (Coord.) (2019). A nova questão da habitação em Portugal: Uma abordagem de Economia Política. Coimbra: Actual Editora.

Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Raquel Ribeiro. (2021). Home(S) and “Staying at Home”: An Exploratory Study of the Psychosocial Impacts of Housing Inequalities During the Covid-19 Pandemic. New Trends in Qualitative Research, 9, 153–162. https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.9.2021.153-162

Issue

Section

Chapters