Perception of Impressive Experiences During the Confinement on Portuguese and Brazilian Families: A Qualitative Study

Authors

  • Laura Magalhães Centro de Investigação em Estudos da Criança, Universidade do Minho, Portugal
  • Célia Nascimento https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3175-0715
  • Ana P. Antunes Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade da Madeira, Centro de Investigação em Estudos da Criança, Universidade do Minho Portugal
  • Silvana Martins Unidade de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde: Enfermagem, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra, Portugal
  • Maria Angela Mattar Yunes Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Salgado de Oliveira/Universo, Niterói, RJ, Brasil
  • Ana Almeida Centro de Investigação em Estudos da Criança, Universidade do Minho, Portugal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.9.2021.172-180

Keywords:

Family, Parenting, Resilience, Lockdown, COVID-19

Abstract

The current pandemic situation due to COVID-19 has constrained confinement measures, which changed family routines, leading to adjustments of parental practices. In this context of balance between tension and support, the present study aimed at analyzing the perception of impressive experiences during the confinement in family life in Portugal and Brazil. As part of a broader research, it was applied an online questionnaire with questions about sociodemographic data and an open question focusing on important events in the family life during the lockdown period. Answers to the question were analyzed from 280 fathers and mothers in Portugal and 94 in Brazil using the grounded theory principles. The coding of the collected responses proceded systematically from an initial open to axial categories, aided by the QSR N’Vivo software, version 12 for Mac. Multiple steps were used to the trustworthiness of the study. It was found, in both countries, despite the differences in confinement time between respondents and cultural differences, that the confinement experience brought difficulties and gains for the Brazilian and the Portuguese families. The difficulties were referred to changes in family organization and consequences on the physical and mental health of its members. Related to gains, confinement allowed a greater coexistence and the re-signification of family dynamics, with gains being identified in proximal relationships with the children, between the couple, and among family members in general. Positive repercussions on personal life were also reported. The results indicate the need of parenting support and strengthening of family and parental resilience.  

References

Almeida, A., Antunes, A., Martins, S., Nunes, C., Cruz, O., Oliveira, C., Pereira, D., Serrano, A., & Sarmento, T. (outubro de 2020). Efeitos do confinamento na parentalidade em tempo de COVID-19. Comunicação por convite em simpósio no 8th International Congress of Educational Sciences and Development, realizado online (vídeoconferência).

Bardin, L. (1977). Análise de conteúdo. Lisboa: Edições 70.

Barudy, J. & Dartagnan, M. (2010). Los Buenos tratos a la infancia. Parentalidad, apego y resiliencia. Barcelona: Gedisa.

Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting. Child Development, 55, 83-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/1129836

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks California: Sage.

Coyne L., Gould E., Grimaldi M., Wilson K., Baffuto G., & Biglan A. (2020). First things first: Parent psychological flexibility and self-compassion during COVID-19. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 1–7. doi:10.1007/s40617-020-00435-w.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. (2020). ConVid pesquisa de comportamentos. Retirado de https://convid.fiocruz.br/index.php?pag=principal.

Hecksher, M. (2020). Mercado de trabalho: A queda da segunda quinzena de março, aprofundada em abril. IPEA - Carta de Conjuntura, 47(2º Trimestre de 2020). Retirado de https://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/conjuntura/200619_cc47_nt.pdf

Instituto de apoio à Criança (2020). Estudo as crianças e jovens em isolamento social: síntese de resultados. Retirado de https://criancasatortoeadireitos.files.wordpress.com/2020/07/sintese-de-resultados-as-crianc3a7as-e-jovens-em-isolamento-social.pdf

Masten, A. (2014). Ordinary Magic: Resilience Processes in Development. New York, London: The Guilford Press.

Mendes, R. & Minkulin, R. (2017). A análise de conteúdo como uma metodologia. Cadernos de Pesquisa, 47(165), 1044-1066. https://doi.org/10.1590/198053143988.

Rodrigo, M. (2009). Una mirada integradora de la resiliencia parental: desde el contexto hasta la mente de las madres y los padres en riesgo psicosocial. Psicologia da Educação, 28, 51-71.

Rodrigo, M., Máiquez, M., Martín, J., & Rodriguez, B. (2015). La parentalidad positiva desde la prevención y promoción. In M. Rodrigo, M. Máiquez, J. Martin, S. Byrne, B. Rodríguez, Manual Práctico en Parentalidad Positiva (pp. 25-43). Madrid: Síntesis.

Silva, I., Lordello, S., Schmidt, B., & Mietto, G. (2020). Brazilian Families Facing the COVID-19 Outbreak. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 51(3-4). doi:10.3138/jcfs.51.3-4.008

Silva, I., Schmidt, B., Lordello, S. R., Noal, S. R., Crepaldi, M. A., & Wagner, A. (2020b). As relações familiares diante da COVID-19: Recursos, riscos e implicações para a prática da terapia de casal e família. Pensando Famílias, 24(1), 12-28.

Teti, M., Schatz, E., & Liebenberg, L. (2020). Methods in the Time of COVID-19: The vital role of qualitative inquiries. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406920920962

World Health Organization, W. H. (WHO, 2020). WHO announces COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. World Health Organization. Retirado de https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-e

Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Laura Magalhães, Célia Nascimento, Ana P. Antunes, Silvana Martins, Maria Angela Mattar Yunes, & Ana Almeida. (2021). Perception of Impressive Experiences During the Confinement on Portuguese and Brazilian Families: A Qualitative Study. New Trends in Qualitative Research, 9, 172–180. https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.9.2021.172-180