Discourses of Collective Memory. Methodological Reflections on the Reconstruction of Remembrance Using Focus Groups

Authors

  • Bruno Miguel Carriço Reis Departamento de Ciências da Comunicação, Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, Portugal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.9.2021.198-207

Keywords:

Focus Groups, Collective Memory, Qualitative Methodology, Social Discourses

Abstract

The present text aims to contribute to the reflection about the uses of focus groups as methodological instruments that permit the reconstruction of collective memories. The main challenges in reading and systematizing the discourses produced from the research practice constitute the main topics of discussion in this research. Since 2004 over 50 discussion groups have been facilitated both in Portugal and Spain in order to try to understand which memories were invoked and how the memories of different layers of the population were elaborated in relation to the dictatorships and transitions. Specifically, the "lived memories" (actors socialized in the dictatorial experience who witnessed the transition to democracy) and the "mediated memories" (actors who reconstructed the past using testimonials or social representations of the dictatorship/transition) were object of comparison. This article shows that the reconstruction of the past through the dialogues produced in the discussion groups is an epistemologically challenging task whereby the researcher is called upon to articulate the accounts produced with the historical reality where meaning was first produced, in a hermeneutic process of historical consciousness. 

References

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Una cuestión complementaria que nos parece interesante señalar tiene que ver con los discursos de género. Las mujeres, de cualquier edad y condición, destacan el cambio de status y roles femeninos como un profundo cambio de mentalidades, no como el resultado de un claro cambio de régimen.

Para el efecto véase Carriço Reis (2009).

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Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Bruno Miguel Carriço Reis. (2021). Discourses of Collective Memory. Methodological Reflections on the Reconstruction of Remembrance Using Focus Groups. New Trends in Qualitative Research, 9, 198–207. https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.9.2021.198-207

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