Migratory Movements in Childhood: An Analysis in Light of the Bioecological Theory
Keywords:Children, Migration, Human Development, Bioecological theory
As an Introduction, it is observed that migratory movements in childhood are still the target of few studies, despite being the center of the current problem and undergoing significant increases. The general Goal of this article was to analyze the trajectory of young Brazilians who migrated to Switzerland as children, in light of the Bioecological Theory. More specifically, we sought to understand the transitions experienced in the various systems and how they were adapted to them. As for the Method, we opted for a qualitative research. The research participants were twelve, six young Brazilians, who still migrated as children to Switzerland, aged between 18 and 25 years old, of both sexes; as well as, six Brazilian mothers who migrated more than ten years ago, they are married to Europeans and took their children to live with them. It is important to note that mothers and young adults do not necessarily belong to the same family. With the young adults, a Life History interview was used, and with the mothers, a semi-structured interview was used. The analysis was made from the Systems proposed by the Bioecological Theory, contributing to a holistic view of the phenomenon. The Results show that the mothers who were mediating had two main difficulties: the language and the lack of knowledge of the school system. The family and school microsystems have undergone radical changes. The child, in turn, sought to adapt to the new situation, overcoming crises and difficulties for integration. For children, time was essential in the past, they overcame many difficulties, at the same time that a range of possibilities opened up. These migrant children, today bicultural young adults, bring with them a new way of seeing the world and thus potential for many changes.
Bhabha, J. (2014). Child Migration & Human Rights in a Global Age. Princeton e Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Birrer G. (2014). Sistema Escolar Suíço no cantão de Zurique. Acessado em 02.05.2020 e recuperado em http://www.mamaesnasuica.com./Sistema-escolar-suíço.
Boni V. & Quaresma S. (2005). Aprendendo a entrevistar: como fazer entrevistas em Ciências Sociais. Revista Eletrônica dos Pós-Graduandos em Sociologia Política da UFSC. Vol. 2, (3). 68-80.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979/1996). A ecologia do desenvolvimento humano: experimentos naturais e planejados. Porto Alegre: Artes Médicas.
Bronfenbrenner, U. & Morris, P. (1999). The ecology of developmental processes. In Damon W. (Org.). Handbook of child psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 993-1027). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (2011). Teoria Bioecológica do desenvolvimento humano: tornando os seres humanos mais humanos. Porto Alegre: Artmed.
Cernadas, P. C.; García, L & SALAS, A. G. (2014). Niñez y adolescenciaen el contexto de la migración: principios, avances y desafíos en la protección de sus derechos en América Latina y el Caribe. Remhu 42, 09-28.
Collicelli, C. (2000). Child immigration project: Children in between (European Report). Disponível em: http://www.injep.fr/etudes/chip/down/European Report.doc
Marcelli D. & Cohen D. (2010). Infância e psicopatologia. 8ª ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed.
Minayo, M. C. (2019). O desafio do conhecimento: pesquisa qualitativa em saúde. São Paulo: Hucitec.
Oliveira, F. (2010). Como entender o "be-a-ba" dos vistos na Suíça. Acessado em 29.10.2010 recuperado em htpp://www.cigabrasil.ch/informando/materiais/be-a-ba.html
Organização Internacional para as migrações (OIM). (2020). Relatório Mundial de Migrações. Acessado em 20.01.21 e recuperado em https://iom.int/
Schuler, F.M.G. & Dias, C. M.S. (2015). A outra face da migração feminina: os filhos que ficam. Revista Fronteiras 4 (15-19).
Tinoco. L.B (2019) Associação promove entendimento do sistema escolar suíço. Acessado em 20.06.2019 e recuperado em htpp:www.swissinfo.ch
Turato, E. R. (2003). Tratado da metodologia da pesquisa clínico-qualitativa. Petrópolis: Vozes.
Unesco (2018). Crianças migrantes e refugiadas em idade escolar crescem 26%. Agencia Brasil. Acessado em 20.03.2020 e recuperado https://agenciabrasil.ebc.br/direitos humanos/noticia/2018-11.
Urech C., Schiess I. & Stucki V. (2005) Binational? Genial: Der Ratgeber für Binatonal mit Kindern. Zürich: Orell Füssli Verlag.
Veléz-Agosto, N.; Coll, C.G & Oppenheimer, C.A. (2017) Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Theory Revision: moving culture from the macro into de micro. Perspectives on Psychological Science.
Zender J. G. (2018) A volta as aulas e choque de culturas. Acessado 02.05.20202 e recuperado em https://www.swissinfo.ch/por/economia/escolas-su%C3%AD%C3%A7as--pais-estrangeiros_a-volta-%C3%A0s-aulas-e-o-choque-de-culturas/44310744
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.