Julgamento clínico dos estudantes de enfermagem em ensino clínico: Um olhar em tempo de pandemia

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.13.2022.e691

Palavras-chave:

Julgamento Clínico, Estudantes de Enfermagem, Educação em Enfermagem, Ensino Clínico, Pandemias

Resumo

Introdução: A aprendizagem do julgamento clínico na formação inicial em enfermagem é fundamental para a prática da enfermagem. O julgamento clínico integra experiências clínicas anteriores, conhecimentos e desenvolvimento de competências a partir de múltiplas modalidades de aprendizagem. Em ensino clínico, o julgamento clínico desenvolve-se a partir de estratégias pedagógicas mediadas pelos orientadores, mobilizando as experiências clínicas, o conhecimento e as capacidades do estudante. A pandemia implicou alterações na educação em enfermagem, entre elas, a limitação do acesso dos estudantes aos locais de ensino clínico, sendo provável alguma interferência na aprendizagem do julgamento clínico. Objetivos: Descrever a importância da aprendizagem do julgamento clínico no ensino clínico dos estudantes de enfermagem e identificar os fatores que interferem nessa aprendizagem, durante o contexto de pandemia. Métodos: Estudo qualitativo, de caracter exploratório e descritivo, cuja estratégia de colheita de dados foi um focus group online com 6 estudantes no último ensino clínico do Curso de Licenciatura em Enfermagem. A análise dos dados foi efetuada por análise de conteúdo segundo Bardin através do software webQDA®. Resultados: A categoria ‘Essência para a Ação’, com 15 unidades de registo, emergiu como a mais valorizada na dimensão ‘Contributos da Aprendizagem do Julgamento Clínico no Ensino Clínico’, e a categoria ‘Ambiente de Aprendizagem’, com 23 unidades de registo, como a mais valorizada na dimensão ‘Fatores que Interferem na Aprendizagem do Julgamento Clínico’. Conclusões: O julgamento clínico é considerado, pelo estudante finalista de enfermagem, como fundamental para a intervenção individualizada de enfermagem. Constata-se que o contexto onde decorreu a experiência clínica do estudante teve um grande impacto na aprendizagem do julgamento clínico, tendo a pandemia sido considerada um fator desafiante do contexto da aprendizagem.

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Publicado

2022-07-08

Como Citar

Fátima Mendes Marques, Maria José Pinheiro, Patrícia Vinheiras Alves, Carlos Pina David, & Sandra Neves. (2022). Julgamento clínico dos estudantes de enfermagem em ensino clínico: Um olhar em tempo de pandemia. New Trends in Qualitative Research, 13, e691. https://doi.org/10.36367/ntqr.13.2022.e691