Phenomenological Research on the Youth’s Experiences on Agriculture in the Philippines




The lack of agricultural involvement of the youth is a worldwide issue that endangers food security and sustainable development. As the youth continue to pursue non-agricultural courses and migrate to non-agricultural careers, there is a need to increase the labor force in the agricultural industry. As such, this phenomenological research aimed to understand the experiences of youths enrolled in agricultural courses. It aims to provide insights into the meanings of agriculture from individuals who have chosen to pursue agricultural education despite society’s pessimism about agriculture. Data was collected and analyzed using Collaizi's descriptive phenomenological method. We individually interviewed eleven senior high school students enrolled in an agricultural program at a Philippine state university. We also conducted member checking to enhance data validity and reliability. The participants have practical experience in agriculture, which focuses on crop production and livestock management. They also had communicative experiences, which are their interactions at school, with families, friends, and media focusing on agriculture. Moreover, for the participants, agriculture is a worthwhile endeavor. Agriculture can be a source of fulfillment, a stressful and risky field of specialization, and a means of contributing to national development. This research highlights that when given opportunities for agricultural engagement, the youths' experiences can establish positive meanings on agriculture. Thus, researchers can pursue further research on agricultural involvement. Moreover, there must be collaboration among relevant agencies to intensify efforts in encouraging the youth’s participation in agricultural activities.


Asis, M. (2019). Sowing hope: Agriculture as an alternative to migration for young Filipinos? Scalalabrini Migration Center.

Bello, A., Allajabou, H., & Baig, M. (2015). Rural youths attitudes towards farming as an occupation: A case study from Sudan. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 4(4), 415-424.

Candela, A. G. (2019). Exploring the function of member checking. The Qualitative Report, 24(3), 619-628.

Collaizi, P. F. (1978). Psychological research as a phenomenologist views it. In: R. S. Valle, & M. King (Eds.), Existential phenomenological alternatives for psychology (pp. 48–71). Open University Press.

Dela Cruz, A. R. (2016). The Philippine carabao through the lens of American colonial scientists: Dean Worcester and the Bureau of Agriculture's scientific reports on Bubalus Bubalis Carabanesis (Philippine buffalo) during the American occupation of the Philippines, 1899-1928.

Fernández, R. (2014, November 9). Like Pinoys, young SE Asians shun agriculture as a career. Philippine Star.

Gangwar, R. & Kameswari, V. (2016). The attitude of rural youths towards agriculture as a livelihood. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(2), 879 - 882.

Gary, J. C., Dormire, S. L., Norman, J., & Harvey, I. S. (2020). The lived experience of pregnancy as a black woman in America: A descriptive phenomenological case study. Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration, 2(1), 1-17.

Geza, W., Ngidi, M., & Ojo, T. (2021). Youth participation in agriculture: A scoping review. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 13(16), 1-15.

Haruna, O. I., Asogwa, B. C., & Ezhim, I. A. (2019). Challenges and enhancement of youth participation in agricultural education for sustainable food security. African Educational Research Journal, 7(4), 174-182.

Khan, N., Siddiqui, B. N., Khan, N., Ahmad, Z., Ismail, S., Javed, H. H., Ali, S., Kazim, R., Azam, T., Abdullah & Khan, K. A. (2020). Mass media role in agricultural and rural development. International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences, 7(4), 199-209.

Kloeckner, A. (2022, February 23). Rural stress: Why you(th)? University of Minnesota Extension.

Kushwa, S., Sharda, S., & Kushwaha, S. (2018). Knowledge levels of rural youth on horticultural plant propagation techniques. Journal of Krishi Vigyan, 7(special), 88-93.

Leavy, J. & Hossain, N. (2014). Who wants to farm? Young people's aspirations, opportunities, and rising food prices. IDS Working Paper, 2014(439), 3-9.

Lemmons, T. M. (2014, November). A phenomenological study of the lived experience of work productivity among non-tenure track agriculture-based extension faculty at a research-intensive Land-Grant university [Doctoral thesis, University of Nebraska-Lincoln]. DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Luckey, A. (2013). Assessing youth's perceptions and knowledge about agriculture: The impact of participating in an AgVenture Program. The Journal of Extension, 51(3), Article 30.

Manalo I. V, J. & de Fliert, E. (2013). Push and pull factors in the emigration of rural Filipino youths from farming communities. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, (10)2, 59-73.

McCombes, S. (2019, September 19). Sampling methods | types, techniques & examples. Scribbr.

Morrow, R., Rodriguez, A., & King, N. (2015). Colaizzi’s descriptive phenomenological method. The Psychologist, 28(8), 643-644.

Naamwintome, B. & Bagson, E. (2013). Youth in agriculture: Prospects and challenges in the Sissala area of Ghana. Journal of Agricultural Science, 1(2), 60-68.

Norrell-Aitch, K. & Stewart, J. (2019, June 19). Youth farms stress. Michigan State University.

Pampanga State Agricultural University. (2023). History.

Qutoshi, S. B. (2018). Phenomenology: A philosophy and method of inquiry. Journal of Education and Educational Development, 5(1), 215-222.

Rodriguez, C. R. C. (2017). Communication and decision making: A symbolic interaction study on choosing agriculture as an academic program [Unpublished Master Thesis] University of the Philippines Open University.

Saunders, B., Sim, J., Kingstone, T., Baker, S., Waterfield, J., Bartlam, B., Burroughs, H. & Jinks, C. (2017). Saturation in qualitative research: Exploring its conceptualization and operationalization. Qual Quant, 52(4), 1893-1907.

Senate of the Philippines (2019, March 25). Angara urges gov't to address waning interest in agriculture among youth.

Sloan, A., & Bowe, B. (2014). Phenomenology and hermeneutic phenomenology: The philosophy, the methodologies, and using hermeneutic phenomenology to investigate lecturers’ experiences of curriculum design. Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 48(3), 1291–1303.

Smith, D. W. (2018). Phenomenology. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (summer 2018 edition).

Stone, W. A. (2019). Farmers' experiences with irrigation: A phenomenological photovoice study [Master’s thesis, University of Georgia]. University of Georgia Libraries.

Susilowati, S. H. (2014, November 5). Attracting the young generation to engage in agriculture. Food and Fertilizer Technology Center.




How to Cite

Mendoza, C. R. C., & Garcia, R. (2023). Phenomenological Research on the Youth’s Experiences on Agriculture in the Philippines. New Trends in Qualitative Research, 16, e767.