No me doblegaron, voy a salir adelante: Un estudio participativo que explora el acceso a los servicios de salud y sociales en mujeres de bajos ingresos en Ontario, Canadá




Compasión, Investigación acción participativa, Investigación basada en las artes, Mujeres que viven con bajos ingresos, Acceso a los servicios de salud y sociales


El acceso equitativo a los servicios de salud y sociales se reconoce como un derecho fundamental para la reducción de desigualdades en el Canadá. Las mujeres que viven en condiciones de pobreza y experimentan los efectos negativos de las desigualdades estructurales en el acceso a los servicios de salud y sociales son aquellas pertenecientes a grupos indígenas, inmigrantes y refugiadas, miembros de comunidades LGTBI2E, mujeres cabeza de familia, adultos mayores, aquellas que viven con enfermedades crónicas y con discapacidades. Sin embargo, poco se ha explorado como el género y los ingresos económicos como determinantes sociales de la salud afectan el acceso a los servicios sociales y de salud. Objetivos: Explorar cómo el género y los ingresos afectan las experiencias de las mujeres canadienses que viven con bajos ingresos al acceder a los servicios de salud y sociales. Métodos: Seguimos un enfoque de investigación participativa, investigación basada en las artes y la hermenéutica fenomenológica. Como métodos de recolección de datos usamos foto voz, entrevistas y grupos focales para ilustrar las experiencias de vida de las mujeres. Resultados: Participan cinco mujeres. En nuestro análisis encontramos tres temas particulares: 1) Sé lo que siento, sé lo que siente mi cuerpo; 2) Falta empatía, falta compasión; y 3) No me quebraron, voy a seguir. Conclusiones: Aunque el acceso a los servicios sociales y de salud es considerado un derecho fundamental para todos los canadienses, es injusto que las mujeres de este estudio no experimenten ese derecho. La meta de este trabajo es sacar a la luz los problemas de acceso, elevar las voces de las mujeres que viven con bajos ingresos para luego crear soluciones sostenibles en conjunto con ellas y otros miembros de la comunidad y de esta forma crear un sistema de salud y social más compasivos e inclusivos en Ontario, Canadá. 


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Jennifer Waite, Michaela Sparringa, Lenora Duhn, & Pilar Camargo-Plazas. (2022). No me doblegaron, voy a salir adelante: Un estudio participativo que explora el acceso a los servicios de salud y sociales en mujeres de bajos ingresos en Ontario, Canadá . New Trends in Qualitative Research, 13, e674.